Pudvar

Pudvar (also called as Puddar in some areas) is a special celebration of the rural folk in the coast. People, who cultivate paddy in their fields, celebrate this festival with great enthusiasm. It is a ritual of adoring the Goddess Earth and paying gratitude to the food grains, mainly the paddy. This festival is celebrated in September, before the harvest of 'Enel' crops. Pudvar is also called as 'Ill Dinjavune' (filling the house with grains) or Koral Parba (Thene Habba). Usually, it is celebrated on the next day of Sankramana in September i.e. the first day of Nirnal month as per the Tulu calendar. If they fail to perform Pudvar on that particular day, they celebrate it on the first Friday of Nirnal month. 

All members of the family take holy bath early in the morning and clean their house and yard. They also wash the equipment used regularly both in cultivation and in household activities. Even prior to taking any food, the male members of the family apply oil to their head and body and chewing betal leaves they go for their fields with sabre to bring Thene (ear or spike of corn). Head of the family first offer his 'Namaskaram' to the crop and to the field and cut the first 'Thene'. All other members, including small girls follow him and take a handful of 'Thene' each. The number of so collected ear of corns (Thene) should be odd i.e. 3,5,7 or 9. When they bring home the 'Thene', they utter 'Poliyo Poli' (praying for opulence of crops).

The 'Thene' so brought will be placed inside Kalase (a wooden instrument used in measuring rice) and Mija (Tulu people also call this as Soopu, meaning an equipment used for tying beedi). They burn frankincense (Dhoopa) and once again offer pooja for the crop. As a symbol of well being and prosperity, cucumber will also be offered with poojas. Then people carry different kinds of leaves such as mango, bamboo, jack fruit, Chende (a flower plant), Nayi Karmbu, Poli (a creeper), and skin of Daddal tree inside their home, when an oil lamp is kept burning. They peel the some paddy and take odd numbered rice out and throw them on the lamp praying for prosperity. Then they place the sandalwood paste (Gandha) on their forehead, as Hindus do in all other religious ceremonies. Here ends the first stage of Pudvar ritual.

In the second stage, they set the leaves (those stated earlier) one on the other and add two ears of corn in between them and tie this to coconut tree, arecanut tree, jack fruit tree, cowshed, house, poles, household equipment, instruments, vehicles, ploughs, vessels and others. Then they take food together.

The following day is celebrated as Pudvar or Hosa Akki Oota (luncheon with new rice) and folks worship the God of food and crops (Dhanyalakshmi). Rice is cooked in milk (or juice) prepared from coconut for dinner. The house will have a pleasurable excitement with guests and relatives and their celebrations. Babies are also fed with rice (ceremony of weaning or Annaprashana) for the first time. Newly married couples must attend this festival as the festival is also called as Posa Pudvar (New Harvest).

About 16 sets of banana leaves on the ground and put all dishes and curries prepared for the celebrations. The number of dishes should also be odd. Thus placed food is offered with poojas. All family members then have the dinner together with fun and humorous discussions.